Monday, February 28, 2011

Short Film: The Hangman (USA, 1964)

The Hangman, a poem written by Maurice Ogden in 1951, is still found in an occasional US textbook. Whether seen as an allegory about the Holocaust or an indictment of McCarthyism, it tells a tale that is easily applicable to today's polarized and increasingly intolerant society. The poem tells the tale of the arrival of a hangman in a typical town and how he does his work, making his way one-by-one through the population… he starts with the outsiders, an ever popular victim, and works his way from the different the average Joe, never meeting any resistance due to inertia, fear of being chosen next, and mankind’s general ability to look the other way. The problem with being silent when you shouldn’t be is that when you get in the firing line there might not be anyone left to stand up for you…

The poem is read by Herschel Bernardi (The Savage Eye [1960]), a character actor who started his career in the early Yiddish films of Edgar G. Ulmer and was blacklisted throughout most of the 50s. The film, a co-winner of the Silver Sail Award at the Locarno International Film Festival in 1964, was directed by Les Goldman and Paul Julian, and features the music of the US American composer Serge Hovey. Paul Julian, who was supposedly the inspiration for the Roadrunner character at Warner Brother's, where he was a long-time animator – you saw many a film he worked on as a child – provided the effectively moody illustrations.

A tragic, horrifying and nightmarish film, its message is as equally valid to today's society as it was to that of the past…

The Hangman
by Maurice Ogden

Into our town the Hangman came,
smelling of gold and blood and flame.
And he paced our bricks with a diffident air,
and built his frame in the courthouse square.

The scaffold stood by the courthouse side,

only as wide as the door was wide;

a frame as tall, or little more,

than the capping sill of the courthouse door.

And we wondered, whenever we had the time,

who the criminal, what the crime

that the Hangman judged with the yellow twist

of knotted hemp in his busy fist.

And innocent though we were, with dread,

we passed those eyes of buckshot lead –

till one cried: "Hangman, who is he

for whom you raised the gallows-tree?"

Then a twinkle grew in the buckshot eye,

and he gave us a riddle instead of reply:

"He who serves me best," said he,

"Shall earn the rope of the gallows-tree."

And he stepped down, and laid his hand

on a man who came from another land.

And we breathed again, for another's grief

at the Hangman's hand was our relief

And the gallows-frame on the courthouse lawn

by tomorrow's sun would be struck and gone.

So we gave him way, and no one spoke,

out of respect for his Hangman's cloak.

The next day's sun looked mildly down

on roof and street in our quiet town,

and stark and black in the morning air

was the gallows-tree in the courthouse square.

And the Hangman stood at his usual stand

with the yellow hemp in his busy hand;

with his buckshot eye and his jaw like a pike

and his air so knowing and business-like.

And we cried, "Hangman, have you not done

yesterday, with the foreign one?"

Then we fell silent, and stood amazed,

"Oh, not for him was the gallows raised."

He laughed a laugh as he looked at us:

"Did you think I'd gone to all this fuss

to hang one man? That's a thing I do

to stretch a rope when the rope is new."

Then one cried "Murder!" and one cried "Shame!"

And into our midst the Hangman came

to that man's place. "Do you hold," said he,

"With him that was meant for the gallows-tree?"

And he laid his hand on that one's arm.

And we shrank back in quick alarm!

And we gave him way, and no one spoke

out of fear of his Hangman's cloak.

That night we saw with dread surprise

the Hangman's scaffold had grown in size.

Fed by the blood beneath the chute,

the gallows-tree had taken root;

Now as wide, or a little more,

than the steps that led to the courthouse door,

as tall as the writing, or nearly as tall,

halfway up on the courthouse wall.

The third he took – we had all heard tell –

was a usurer, and an infidel.

"What," said the Hangman "have you to do

with the gallows-bound, and he a Jew?"

And we cried out, "Is this one he

who has served you well and faithfully?"

The Hangman smiled: "It's a clever scheme

to try the strength of the gallows-beam."

The fourth man's dark, accusing song

had scratched our comfort hard and long;

"And what concern," he gave us back,

"Have you for the doomed – the doomed and Black?"

The fifth. The sixth. And we cried again,

"Hangman, Hangman, is this the man?"

"It's a trick," he said, "That we hangmen know

for easing the trap when the trap springs slow."

And so we ceased, and asked no more,

as the Hangman tallied his bloody score.

And sun by sun, and night by night,

the gallows grew to monstrous height.

The wings of the scaffold opened wide

till they covered the square from side to side;

and the monster cross-beam, looking down,

cast its shadow across the town.

Then through the town the Hangman came,

through the empty streets, and called my name –

and I looked at the gallows soaring tall,

and thought, "There is no one left at all

for hanging, and so he calls to me

to help pull down the gallows-tree."

So I went out with right good hope

to the Hangman's tree and the Hangman's rope.

He smiled at me as I came down

to the courthouse square through the silent town.

And supple and stretched in his busy hand

was the yellow twist of the hempen strand.

And he whistled his tune as he tried the trap,

and it sprang down with a ready snap –

and then with a smile of awful command

he laid his hand upon my hand.

"You tricked me. Hangman!" I shouted then,

"That your scaffold was built for other men...

And I no henchman of yours," I cried,

"You lied to me, Hangman. Foully lied!"

Then a twinkle grew in the buckshot eye,

"Lied to you? Tricked you?" he said. "Not I.

For I answered straight and I told you true –

The scaffold was raised for none but you.

For who has served me more faithfully

then you with your coward's hope?" said he,

"And where are the others who might have stood

side by your side in the common good?"

"Dead," I whispered. And amiably

"Murdered," the Hangman corrected me:

"First the foreigner, then the Jew...

I did no more than you let me do."

Beneath the beam that blocked the sky

none had stood so alone as I.

The Hangman noosed me, and no voice there

cried "Stop!" for me in the empty square.

1 comment:

Stevie B. said...

This is an amazing piece of animation that I've never seen before. Thanks for posting it.

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